Organic Nomenclature Table

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Family Specific Example IUPAC Name Common Name General Formula Functional Group General Naming Rule
Alkane ethane Ethane Ethane RH C-H and C-C bonds (carbons)ane
Alkene ethene Ethene
or
Ethylene
Ethylene RCH=CH2
RCH=CHR
R2C=CHR
R2C=CR2
alkene (carbons)ene
Alkyne ethyne Ethyne
or
Acetylene
Acetylene alkyne
alkyne
alkyne (carbons)yne
Arene benzene Benzene Benzene ArH Aromatic Ring
Haloalkane bromoethane Bromoethane Ethyl bromide RX haloalkane (halogen)o(carbons)
Alcohol ethanol Ethanol Ethyl alcohol ROH alcohol (carbons)ol
Ether dimethyl ethr Methoxymethane Dimethyl ether ROR ether (carbons)oxy(carbons)
Amine methanamine Methanamine Methylamine RNH2
R2NH
R3N
amine (carbons)amine
Aldehyde ethanal Ethanal Acetaldehyde aldehyde aldehyde (carbons)al
Ketone propanone Propanone Acetone ketone ketone (carbons)anone
Carboxylic Acid ethanoic acid Ethanoic Acid Acetic Acid carboxylic acid carboxylic acid (carbons)oic acid
Ester methyl ethanoate Methyl ethanoate Methyl acetate ester ester (alcohol) (acid)ate
Amide ethanamide Ethanamide Acetamide amide
amide
amide3
amide (carbons)amide
Nitrile ethananenitrile Ethananenitrile Acetonitrile nitrile nitrile (carbons)(ane/ene/yne)nitrile
Anhydride propanoic anhydride Propanoic anhydride Propanoic anhydride anhydride anhydride (acid name -acid) anhydride


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This page was made by Erik Epp.